The Last Supper is also one of the Mysteries of Light used for meditaion on praying the Rosary, which Pope John Paul declared in Oct 2002.. The Mystery Of Light are meditions of gospel focusing in on five key events of Jesus's public ministry. The Last Supper is the institution of the Holy Eucharist, in which Christ offers his body and blood as food under the signs of bread and wine, and testifies “to the end” his love for humanity (Jn 13:1), for whose salvation he will offer himself in sacrifice.
The Fifth Luminous Mystery - The Institution of the Holy Eucharist Mystery
by Fr. Robert J. Fox ( taken from Fatima Family Apostolate Marian Manual)
In this mystery of light, Lord Jesus, I see you changing bread and wine into your body and blood.
You give both to the Apostles and us as food under the signs of bread and wine. You are testifying to the very end of your life the love you have for humanity, as you institute the Holy Eucharist. "Do this as a remembrance of me" (Lk. 22:19) you command. It will perpetuate your sacrificial death, and give us
yourself to eat and drink, until the end of time.
"When it grew dark he reclined at table with the Twelve. In the course of the meal he said, 'I assure you, one of you is about to betray me.... The Son of Man is departing, as Scripture says of him, but woe to that man by whom the Son of Man is betrayed. Better for him if he had never been born.'
"During the meal Jesus took bread, blessed it, broke it, and gave it to his disciples. 'Take this and eat it,' he said, 'this is my body.'Then he took a cup, gave thanks, and gave it to them. 'All of you must drink from it,' he said, 'for this is my blood, the blood of the covenant, to be poured out in behalf of many for the forgiveness of sins. I tell you, I will not drink this fruit of the vine from now until the day when I drink it new with you in my Father's reign.' Then, after singing songs of praise, they walked out to the Mount of Olives" (Mt. 26:20-30).
The Apostle John wrote his gospel in the last years of his life at Ephesus. As Jesus was dying on the
Cross, he gave to John His Mother to live with him. Therefore our Blessed Mother could often be present when John offered the Holy Eucharist. John's Gospel does not repeat the details on the institution of the Holy Eucharist like Matthew, Mark and Luke did. Writing later, John adds details concerning the Holy Eucharist which they did not tell.
In John 6 he tells in great detail about the multiplication of the loaves of bread when the Jewish feast of Passover was near. In that long discourse he tells how the loaves prepare for faith in the Eucharis-tic Body and Blood of Jesus Christ. Millions through the centuries will eat the Body and drink the Blood of Jesus without diminishing the reality of Jesus' Body and Blood for millions more to receive so they may attain eternal life. "Let me solemnly assure you, if you do not eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink his Blood you have no life in you" (Jn. 6:52).
John 6 tells us that Jesus repeated again and again that He is actually going to give us His living Body to eat and His living Blood to drink. As the crowd murmurs and begins to walk away Jesus takes nothing back of what he had taught. He meant what he said. As the perfect teacher, if Jesus meant only to be taken symbolically, he would have called those thousands of people back and explained that he meant only to be taken symbolically. He did not because he meant it. "For my flesh is real food and my blood real drink. The man who feeds on my flesh and drinks my blood remains in me, and I in him...." (Jn. 6:55-56).
Assuming his readers know the details of the institution of the Holy Eucharist as written by Sts. Matthew, Mark and Luke, St. John tells us also something more unique about the Last Supper whenJesus instituted the Holy Eucharist: "Before the feast of Passover, Jesus realized that the hour had come for him to pass from this world to the Father. He had loved his own in this world, and would show his love for them to the end" (Jn. 13:11)." .. .
Then he poured water into a basin and began to wash his disciples' feet and dry them with the towel he had around him. Thus he came to Simon Peter, who said to him, 'Lord, are you going to wash my feet?'Jesus answered: 'You may not realize now what I am doing, but later you will understand.'
Peter replied, 'You shall never wash my feet!' 'If I do not wash you,' Jesus answered, 'you will have no share in my heritage.' 'Lord,' Simon Peter said to him, 'then not only my feet, but my hands and head as well.' Jesus told him, 'The man who has bathed has no need to wash except for his feet; he is entirely cleansed, just as you are; though not all.'The reason he said, 'Not all are washed clean,' was that he knew his betrayer" (Jn. 13:5-11).
Lord, may I always be clean in heart when I come to your Eucharistic Banquet where I can eat your body and drink your blood so that I "may have life and have it more abundantly" (Jn. 10:10). Each worthy Holy Communion received with a well disposed heart will make me grow in divine life to enter more intensely into the joys of heaven and the glory of heaven, when I will see with the eyes of my soul God "face to face" with greater capacity. I shall see too the face of Jesus glorified in heaven, reflecting the Father in the unity of the Holy Spirit.
Prayer, end of decade: Lord Jesus, may I always believe that you perpetuate your Sacrifice of the Cross at every Holy Mass with its infinite merits. May my faith know, love and adore your Real Presence with your body, blood, soul and divinity in the consecrated host and consecrated wine which are transubstantiated at Mass into yourself. May I always receive you worthily while in grace.